What are Antioxidants?
Antioxidants are compounds in the body that prevent oxidation. The process of oxidation is a chemical reaction that produce free radicals.
Free Radicals are atoms, ions or molecules that are missing from an electron. To rectify this, free radicals will take electrons from other atoms, ions or molecules in the body.
Free Radicals are developed naturally in the body as a internal reaction to stimuli such as fried foods, alcohol, and air pollutants to name a few.5 Ways Vitamin C Improves your Skin – A Brain For Beauty
How do Antioxidants benefit the skin?
Various antioxidants protect and improve the skin in a multitude of ways. This includes but is not limited to:
Antioxidant molecules have been shown to counteract oxidative stress in laboratory experiments (for example, in cells or animal studies). A reduction in oxidative stress can slow down the formation of wrinkles and fine lines.
Photodamage is the alteration of the skin due to over exposure from the sun. Certain antioxidants work as a tyrosinase (an enzyme that stimulates melanin production), to counteract photodamage and protect the skin.
Increase Skin Repair
Antioxidants are linked to an increased production of collagen. Collagen is a protein produced in the body that provides structure to the skin. In addition to that, antioxidants help prevent inflamed skin which allows skin to heal itself faster.
7 Antioxidant your skin craves
CoenzymeQ10, also known as ubiquinone or CoQ10, is a compound produced in the body and stored in the mitochondria. CoenzymeQ10 helps fight off free radical damage and keep your skin cells healthy.
Also known as nicotinamide, niacinamide is a water soluable form of vitamin B3. Niacinamide is made in the body from excess amounts of niacin, another form of vitamin B3. Niacinamide helps the skin retain moisture and reduces oiliness.
Polyphenol is a plant-based vitamin that can be found in vegetables, green tea, fruits and chocolates. Polyphenol helps improve our skin’s natural defense against oxidative stress.
- Vitamin A (Retinol)
Vitamin A is an essential nutrient that supports skin, eye, and reproductive health, and immune function. Vitamin A regulates acne production and increases cell turnover.
- Vitamin C
Vitamin C, also known as Ascorbic Acid, is a weak organic acid commonly found in citrus fruits and vegetables. Vitamin C helps with hyper pigmentation and increases collagen production.
- Vitamin E
Vitamin E is a fat-soluble, essential nutrient with anti-inflammatory properties. Vitamin E helps support the immune system, cell function, and skin health.
Resveratrol is commonly found in the skin of fruits like grapes berries. Plants produce the antimicrobial to protect themselves from external stimuli. Resveratrol boosts the activity of mitochondria.
What is your favorite antioxidant to use in your skin care routine? Leave a comment!