Skin Care

The 5 Cosmetic Skin Types

What is Skin?
The largest organ of the body is the skin, totaling approximately 20 square feet. The skin protects us from external elements, helps the body maintain homeostasis, and acts as a barrier for the sensations of touch, temperature. Skin characteristics are genetic and can be influenced by hormone fluctuation.

The skin is comprised of three layers:
Epidermis – the outermost layer of skin that acts as a protective barrier to the rest of body.

Dermis –
the middle layer of skin that contains connective tissue, hair follicles, and sweat glands.

Hypodermis
the base layer of skin (subcutaneous tissue) made up of fat and connective tissue.

Baumann skin-type classification and sensitive skin
This classification system was developed by Dr. Leslie Baumann, CEO of Baumann Cosmetic Dermatology and author of New York Times best-seller The Skin Type Solution. The Baumann method breaks down skin type into 16 different types based on, dryness, oiliness, overall pigmentation, sensitivity to product, and wrinkles susceptibility.



The 5 Types of skin
In cosmetics, skin types are classification is simplified into 5 main categories with influences from the Baumann method, based on how your skin type will interact with the cosmetic.

  • Normal
    Normal skin or Eudermic skin is considered well balanced skin. The skin is generally healthy and well hydrated. Normal skin tends to be difficult to define and is a broad type of skin. Normal skin types are still able to be impacted by blemishes, oil, and dryness but not as often as other skin types.
  • Dry
    Dry skin tends to have a duller appearance. Dry skin has a lower production of sebum, a naturally occurring oil secreted by the sebaceous gland in the dermis. Dry skin tends to have a tightness to it as well due to the lack of moisture.
  • Oily
    Oily skin as the name suggests has an increased production of oil. The excess of oil secretion from the skin is correlated with enlarged pores. Those with oily skin types tend to be prone to breakout more frequently from the oil clogging the pores in the skin.
  • Sensitive
    Sensitive skin is more prone to redness, irritation and inflammation than other skin types. Sensitive skin reaction can be triggered by friction, excessive heat, stress and alcohol. Activities like excessive exfoliation would be damaging for sensitive types.
  • Combination
    Combination skin types display more than one type of skin. There may be a certain area of the face that fall under one category of skin type while a different area falls under another category of skin type.

Get to know your skin type
Becoming familiar with your skin type is beneficial to your overall skin care. While there are online skincare quizzes available to help you determine your skin type, seeking a professional opinion from your dermatologist and or cosmetologist would help you to get the most accurate results.


What is your skin type? Comment down below!



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